This is a survey of a lot in a recorded subdivision. Corners should be marked in accordance with existing standards, and the owner receives a drawing depicting what corners were and what corners were found.
These surveys are normally described by Metes and Bounds and may require extensive research of adjoining deeds, original government surveys, highway plans, etc. A Boundary Survey usually requires field work on neighboring lands to verify or find existing monumentation. Because many deeds were prepared in an office and not actually surveyed, it may require extra research and field work to determine the property lines. The corners were set and what corners were found.
This type of survey divides existing parcels into smaller parcels. These types of surveys are required to be recorded at the County Recorder’s office and must also meet all requirements of government agencies.
Although these are generally performed by a Professional Land Surveyor, other professionals, such as Engineers and Architects may also complete them. These types of surveys are graphic representations of physical features of the land depicting natural and man-made features, such as fences, buildings, utilities, hills, valleys, streams, lakes, roads, etc. They can be performed by field ground methods or by aerial photographic methods. The preciseness of this type of survey depends on what it is to be used for. These surveys should be completed in conjunction with a “Boundary Survey” (which can only be performed by a Professional Land Surveyor) to show lines of possession.
PLOT PLAN AND STAKE OUT
This type of survey may be required by local authorities or you may require it to ensure that a proposed house or structure is constructed in the proper location and not over an easement or building set back line. A drawing may be required showing the proposed building location. Stakes are set in the field denoting the location of the proposed building.
LOCATION OF IMPROVEMENTS
This type of survey is required by some lending agencies, title companies or escrow agents before disbursement of construction loans. This type of survey locates the existing foundation on the property to guarantee to the lender that the foundation is actually on the property and not encroaching on easements or building lines. These surveys should be completed in conjunction with a “Boundary Survey” (which can only be performed by a Professional Land Surveyor) to show lines of possession.
ALTA/ACSM LAND TITLE SURVEY
This is the most comprehensive type of survey and improvement location. It covers all the aspects of a boundary survey and improvement location and identification of any additional evidence of possession or use which could be adverse to the interests of the purchaser.